Assessment of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Pharmacovigilance among the Interns in a Tertiary Care Centre of Nepal
Keywords:Adverse drug reaction; Interns; Knowledge; Pharmacovigilance; Practice.
Introduction: Pharmacovigilance, also known as drug safety, is the pharmacological science relating to the collection, detection, assessment, monitoring, and prevention of adverse effects with pharmaceutical products. Assessment of awareness of pharmacovigilance among the healthcare professionals is very important due to under reporting of adverse drug reactions(ADR). Therefore this study was conducted to assess awareness of pharmacovigilance among the interns in a tertiary care centre.
Methods: A cross sectional observational questionnaire based study was conducted on interns to gather information about the knowledge, attitude and practice of Pharmacovigilance. Data was collected from first October to thirtieth November, 2020. An online questionnaire was used to collect data. The demographic parameters as well as other parameters including knowledge, attitude and practice were analyzed descriptively and tabulated as number and percentage.
Results: A total of 72 participants completed the questionnaire. In this study 59 (81.9%) of the respondents were aware of the pharmacovigilance and 63(87.5%) of the respondents responded that ADR reporting is mandatory. Almost 11(15.27%) of the participants had seen ADR during ward posting and only 5(6.9%) had played a role in reporting ADRs. Almost 66 (91.6%) of the participants responded that pharmacovigilance should be taught in detail to healthcare professionals.
Conclusion: Interns had positive attitude towards pharmacovigilance program but there is a need of educational intervention and regular training programs. This will help to increase the knowledge and practice of ADR reporting among the interns in the future.
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Based on a work at https://journal.kistmcth.edu.np/index.php?journal=jssn.