Morphological Variation of Spleen in Cadaveric Study
Introduction : Spleen morphometry is widely used for various purposes during spleen surgery and the radiological interpretation in the ultrasound examination. This study aims to collect data regarding measurements of the spleen in the Nepali population and find out if the measurements can be used to calculate and compare between the male and female populations.
Methods: A quantitative observational (descriptive) study was conducted on Nepalese cadavers, which were brought to the mortuary of the Department of Forensic Medicine, Maharajgunj Medical Campus, excluding those having abdominal injuries, foreign nationals, splenomegaly, and putrefied cadavers. All subject’s spleen was measured using dissecting forceps, scalpel, scissors, blotting paper, artery forceps, digital camera, flexible measuring tapes, and calipers, weighing machine. Statistical analysis was done using IBM SPSS version 17.
Results: The mean dimensions were 109.02±23.97 mm in length, 68.78±16.60 mm in breadth, 21.54±8.14 mm in width and 121.46±52.80 gm in weight. We found a significant difference in length (p= 0.02) and weight (p = 0.007) between males and females. The age negatively and significantly correlated with splenic length and splenic breadth. Age and weight correlated negatively, but the finding was not statistically significant. The number of splenic notches showed no association between males and females.
Conclusions: We found variation in shape and size among male and female Nepalese cadavers. The size was found to decrease with an increase in age.
keywords: Cadaver; Morphology; Spleen.
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Based on a work at https://journal.kistmcth.edu.np/index.php?journal=jssn.