Clinico-demographic Profile and Outcome of COVID-19 Patients with Kidney Disease: A Single Center Study
Introduction: A severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS-CoV-2), causing COVID-19 disease has shown to have multi-organ involvement. Information on kidney disease in patients with COVID-19 and effect of prior kidney disease on COVID-19 is limited worldwide and in Nepal. Therefore, this study was done to provide information on clinico-demographic profile and outcome of kidney disease patients with COVID-19 .
Methods: This study was a descriptive cross-sectional study done in the department of Nephrology, College of Medical Sciences Teaching Hospital (COMSTH)from January 2021 to July 2021 after ethical approval from the Institutional Review Committee.Convenient sampling was done and all the kidney disease patients above 18 years irrespective of their gender and kidney diagnosis were included in the study. Clinico-demographic profile and outcome of kidney diseases with COVID-19 were analyzed using statistical package for the social sciences version 20 and were represented as mean, standard deviation, number, percentage and ratio.
Results: Out of 54 patients, 38 (70.4%) were males and 16 (29.6%) were females. The mean age of the patient was 61.5±14.9 years. Acute kidney injury was the most common presentation accounting for 20 (37.0%) cases. Proteinuria was present among 36 (66.7%) patients and microscopic hematuria was present among 11 (20.4%) patients. Mortality occurred in 14 (26%) patients.
Conclusion: Acute kidney injury was the most common presentation among the spectrum of kidney diseases in patients with COVID-19 .
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Based on a work at https://journal.kistmcth.edu.np/index.php?journal=jssn.